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Belgian Shepherd Dog Groenendael

Belgian Shepherd Dog Groenendael

The Groenendael dog is a medium-sized, long-haired breed that appears square in its outline. Although often confused with the Longhaired German Shepherd Dog by the general public, they are squarer in profile, lighter in bone, and more refined in head, with a light, brisk movement. The Groenendael breed is black in colour, and adult dogs should measure between 61-66cm and adult females 56-61cm. They weigh between 27.5-28.5kg.

The need-to-know
  • Dog suitable for experienced owners
  • Extra training required
  • Enjoys vigorous walks
  • Enjoys walking more than two hours a day
  • Large dog
  • Some drool
  • Requires grooming every other day
  • Non hypoallergenic breed
  • Chatty and vocal dog
  • Guard dog. Barks and alerts
  • May require training to live with other pets
  • May require training to live with kids
Belgian Shepherd Groenendael in woods

Personality

The Groenendael is an affectionate, devoted companion that wants to join in with everything. Their natural dog guarding instincts will kick in if and when they sense it is necessary. They will protect their home and family, so it is not advisable to encourage his guarding instincts when young, as he could start guarding you in 'normal' situations. Early, thorough socialisation is imperative with this breed.

Belgian Shepherd Groenendael sitting on the ground

History and Origins

There are four varieties of Belgian Shepherd Dog – the Groenendael, Tervueren, Malinois and Laekenois – named after the areas in Belgium from which they came. Hardworking sheepdogs from Belgium have been recognised since the Middle Ages. In the 1890s a professor of the Belgian School of Veterinary Sciences recorded standards for the various types of Belgian sheepdogs. It was noted that they were all similar in type with the main difference being the coat. The professor then divided them into varieties and advised breeding them as separate breeds. The Groenendael dog breed was developed from a black bitch of the Belgian sheepdog type being crossed with another black herding dog. The resulting litter became the precedent of the Groenendael.

Dog with red collar looking out the window
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